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A bone graft consists of human, bovine or synthetic bone tissue placed on the bone needing augmentation. The dentist uses the demineralized freeze-dried bone for grafting procedures. It is the most widely used grafting material in periodontics.
The bone graft builds up the existing jaw bone and stimulates the growth of new bone, making it possible for the patient to receive a dental implant.
Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease or injuries. During treatment, The dentist might take tissue bank or your bone from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee).
The surgeon also performs bone grafts to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum, protect the bone graft, and encourage bone regeneration. The procedure is called guided bone regeneration or guided tissue regeneration.