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Although permanent teeth were intended to last a lifetime, there are numerous reasons why a patient may require teeth extraction. The most frequent cause is severely damaged teeth due to decay or trauma and cannot be restored. There are other reasons to consider:
A mouth is crowded. Sometimes dentists pull teeth to prepare the mouth for orthodontia. The purpose of orthodontia is to align teeth, which might not be feasible if your teeth are too large and too large for the mouth. Also, if teeth cannot break through into the gum (erupt) due to not enough space for it, the dentist may suggest taking it out.
An infection. If tooth decay or injury extends to the pulp — the area in the middle of the tooth, which contains blood vessels and nerve bacteria from the mouth, could enter the pulp, causing infections. The treatment can often treat this of root canals (RCT); however, if the condition becomes such the antibiotics and RCT can not heal the problem, the dentist could require extraction to stop the spread of the infection.
The risk of contracting and the risk of infection. If your immune system is weak (for example, if you receive chemotherapy or going through surgery to transplant your organs), or even the possibility of an infection within a specific tooth might be reason enough to have the tooth pulled.
The periodontal (gum) condition. Suppose periodontal disease is an inflammation of the tissues and bones that support and surround the teeth, resulting in loose teeth. In that case, Removing the tooth or teeth may be necessary.
Oral surgeons and dentists (dentists who have been specially trained to perform surgeries) are the ones who perform extractions of teeth. Before pulling the tooth, your dentist will administer a local anaesthetic injection to reduce the tooth’s area to be extracted. In some instances, your dentist may use a strong general anaesthetic. It can reduce pain throughout your body and allow you to feel more relaxed during the treatment.
If the tooth is affected by a dental issue, the dentist will slice off the bone and gum that surround the tooth. Then, using forceps, grab the tooth and gently rock it in a circular motion to release it from jaw ligaments and bone that hold it in the position. Sometimes, a tooth that is difficult to pull needs to be extracted in pieces.
When a tooth is removed, the blood clot forms typically inside the socket. The dentist will put a gauze pad inside the socket and then ask you to take a bite to stop bleeding. Sometimes, the dentist will put some stitches — which will usually dissolve themselves to secure the edges of the gums around the extraction site.
Sometimes the blood clot inside the socket breaks loose, which exposes the bone within the socket. It is a painful issue known as dry socket. If this occurs, your dentist will likely put a sedative bandage over your socket to last for a couple of days to guard it until an additional clot develops.
While having a tooth pulled is typically secure, it can allow harmful bacteria to enter the bloodstream. Gum tissue also is susceptible to infections. If you have a medical condition that puts you at risk of developing a severe illness, you can take antibiotics before and after the extraction. Before you have a tooth extracted, make sure your dentist knows the complete medical history of you as well as the medicines and supplements you take, and whether you have any among the following (note the fact that this listing may not be entirely complete):
After the extraction, the dentist will send you home to rest. Recovery usually takes several days. The following tips can help reduce discomfort, lower the risk of infection, and speed the recovery process.
You are likely to feel a little discomfort after the anaesthesia has worn off. In the 24 hours following having a tooth removed, and you can expect some swelling and bleeding. If bleeding or pain remains intense for more than 4 hours after the tooth has been pulled, you must contact your dentist. It is also advisable to contact your dentist if you suffer from any of the following symptoms:
The healing process initially lasts between one and two weeks. The gum tissue and bone will form to fill in the space. However, over time missing teeth (or teeth) missing could cause the other teeth to shift, altering how you bite. It can make it harder to chew. Your dentist may recommend replacing the missing tooth or teeth with Implant, fixed bridge or denture to remedy this.